HISTORY of TWEEDSMUIR PARISH, UPPER TWEED VALLEY, PEEBLESSHIRE, SCOTLAND.  Including Information for Neighbouring Parishes.            

A! Fredome is a noble thing.

John Barbour, Scotland, c1375.


"You have to know the past to understand the present"

Quote by Carl Sagan 1934-1996. 

 Fraser of Oliver  


                              Fleming                     Hay                          Tweedie



      Hunter             Welsh                 Porteous           John Buchan

                                                                             1st. Lord Tweedsmuir   

The Royal Commission on the Ancient Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS) and Historic Scotland (H.S.) combined in 2015 to form a new organisation Historical Environment Scotland (H.E.S.).  The references in the following pages to the RCAHMS and HS should now be read as H.E.S.  The online archive "Canmore" www.canmore.org.uk/ continues/expanding and the relevant site ID numbers from Canmore are included on the pages below.

Also in 2016 the National Archives of Scotland - NAS rebranded themselves as the National Records of Scotland - NRS.

The Tweedsmuir Story

The following 25 pages - not in chronological order - give a more detailed insight into the Tweedsmuir Story.

Items 1.1 to 1.5. are the five buildings in Teedsmuir Parish Listed by H.E.S.

1.1.  Crook Inn.  

1.1.a Origin of the name Crook.   

 1.2.  Victoria Lodge.

1.3.1.  Tweedsmuir Present Kirk 1874-Present  Includes Introduction to the Tweedsmuir Churches.  

1.3.1.a  Tweedsmuir First Kirk 1648-1874.  

1.3.1.b. Armorial Plaque - relic of first Kirk.

1.3.1.c. Church Door spy-hole.    New June/2017

1.3.2Tweedsmuir Kirkyard.- Tweedie Aisle   

1.3.3. Chapel Knowe.- Mound on which the Kirk is built

1.4.  Carlow's Bridge.

1.5.  Bield.   

2.   Early Peoples. 4000BC Yew Longbow, Iron/Bronze age sites including the Giant's Grave.

3.   Standing and Other Stones  

4.   The Romans in Upper Tweed and Ericstane. Gold Ericstanebrae Fibula.

5.   The Frasers. - Origins of name of Oliver - Oliver Castle.

5.1.The Yew Trees of Neidpath Castle.

6.   Hawkshaw- Porteous, Roman Marble Head.

7.   The Crown of Scotland.

8.   The Wells of Tweedsmuir.

9.   Covenanters in Upper Tweed.

10.  Forkfoots Farm - Site  of.

11.   Pilgrim Ways, Chapels and the Expansion of Christianity. St Cuthbert.

11.1. Ericstane and Old Roads at Devil's Beeftub.  Robert the Bruce.

12.  Tweed's Cross - Pilgrim's Way Marker and March boundary on Peebles/Dumfries County Boundary.

13.   Postie Stone - Mail Coach Monument. - Peebles/Dumfries County Boundary.

14.   Maclarens Leap. - Devils Beeftub - Escape of Donald Maclaren.

15.   Linkumdoddie and Robert Burns' poem Willie Wastle's Wife.

16.   Welsh Family of Tweedsmuir.   Includes basic family Tree.

17.  Hay Family of Talla.  

18.  Talla Railway and Reservoir.

19.   John Buchan 1st Lord Tweedsmuir

20.  Great Plague of 1645 in the Upper Tweed

21.  Cadger Acre.   

22.  Halfmile House

23.  Formal Walled Gardens of Tweedsmuir

24.  Old Post Offices of Tweedsmuir.   

25.  Hunter of Polmood.   New Aug/2017.

25a The Hunter Case       New Oct/2017


A.   References/Bibliography.  For Tweedsmuir Parish Heritage.